A dental cyst is a tiny sac filled with fluid or tissue, that appears in the mouth, in the gums, around the roots of a tooth or next to it. It can cause some serious complications. Left without treatment, a dental cyst can become inflamed and cause lasting or even permanent damage to the tooth and its surrounding tissue, as well as to overall body health. That’s why it’s important to detect it early and to decide on the best way to treat it with your dental specialist as soon as possible. Some cysts – particularly the newly formed ones – rarely cause any pain or other symptoms, and can’t be seen during a visual exam, so it’s important to have a dental X-ray taken regularly.
A number of factors can cause the development of a dental cyst. The most common cause is infection associated with tooth decay that has been left untreated, which allowed the harmful bacteria to contaminate the dental pulp.
There are several types of dental cysts: periapical cysts, follicular cysts, and keratocysts. The way to treat a dental cyst is determined by the doctor, depending on the type of cyst, its location, and size. Root canal therapy (also called endodontic treatment) is one of the most common options. It involves cleaning the root canals and cavities in a tooth, removing the infected pulp and replacing it with the filling substance. This procedure can help preserve the tooth. However, in certain cases, the root canal therapy may not be effective, and tooth extraction might be required. In this case, the removed tooth is replaced by a synthetic bone replacement material.
Fortunately, there are things you can do to prevent dental cysts from forming. Taking care of your teeth, limiting sugar and visiting your dentist every six months for routine check-ups will help you maintain your oral health.