Tooth decay is a common problem. It is the weakening of the tooth enamel which is the outer, hard layer part of the teeth. This is normally caused by the destruction of the tooth enamel due to the acids produced when plaque bacteria start to break down sugar in the mouth. Plaque is a sticky substance or film of bacteria which forms on the teeth. This problem can be for teens, children, and adults. Remineralize of tooth decay refers to the restoration of mineral content to demineralized structures of the teeth in order to build and strengthen the tooth enamel and teeth.
There are some simple ways in which one can remineralize tooth decay and begin to protect and strengthen the teeth. The first one is brushing the teeth on a regular basis which is important in the removal of bacteria. Dental caries or cavities are mainly caused by the gradual build-up of bacteria in the mouth which are transmitted through drinks and food. Therefore brushing of teeth will help remove bacteria which may lead to cavities and mineral loss.
Drinking lots of water is also important in remineralizing the teeth since it’s naturally sugar-free and helps remove toxic substances from the body. Rinsing the mouth with water after eating sugary or acidic foods is also important in reducing demineralization. Consumption of fruit juices and fruits in moderation is also important since some of the fruits like oranges and grapefruit are highly acidic. Cutting out sugar intake is also beneficial since sugar is extremely acidic and interacts easily with bacteria in the mouth leading to break down and destruction of the tooth enamel.
Decreasing dairy product intake is also important because traditional milk products contain lactose which is a type of sugar that increases acidity in the mouth. Since dairy products contain calcium one can still reap the benefits of calcium by taking a free lactose milk product which includes soy milk or almond. Using fluoride toothpaste also helps in remineralization and prevents tooth decay. Fluoride also helps in strengthening teeth and makes them less vulnerable to future mineral loss.