How To Repair Enamel: Basic Guide In Dental Restoration

Our teeth are in a constant battle against many threats. Every once in a while, food debris may get stuck between spaces in our mouths. When not controlled, it is inevitable for infection-causing bacteria to thrive in these areas. As a result, it will produce harmful by-products. These will wear away at the tooth surface, which eventually leads to tooth decay. However, there is another problem that is equally as serious. Acidic foods cause enamel erosion, which puts your teeth more at risk of developing oral damages. Suppose you worry that your tooth enamel’s outer layer is under the compromise. In that case, this article will discuss natural ways on how to repair enamel. We will also share some in-depth analyses on remedies that you can use for enamel repair to maintain your strong and pearly white teeth.

 

 

What Is Tooth Enamel?

As we age, the risk of deterioration from our bone tissues heightens. The outer covering of the tooth, most commonly referred to as our tooth enamel, is the primary receiver of these damages. Our enamel works hard to keep the innermost layers of your teeth unchanged. May it is from pathogenic microorganisms to abrasion, our tooth enamel provides protection to our smile.

Our tooth enamel is the toughest tissue in the human body, often surpassing bones in terms of strength. Enamel is known as the transparent outer layer to safeguard our teeth from harmful conditions and substances. Your enamel also protects your gums and teeth during daily tasks such as cutting, chewing and crushing meals. If you grind your teeth at night, your enamel also shields your teeth.

 

Why Does Enamel Erosion Happen?

reasons for tooth enamel erosionWhile our tooth enamel is known to be durable, it does not guarantee to be indestructible. Tooth enamel weakens and sheds some of its essential minerals when we consume acidic meals of any type. In addition, our saliva routinely maintains the pH balance of the oral cavity within a few hours. During the whole phase, however, the enamel is particularly vulnerable to irreversible damages. This is an issue since enamel lacks living cells, which is necessary for repairing your body. As a result, it can lead to enamel erosion, crack, or damage. The only method to restore the protection it provides to your teeth is through a dental treatment.

 

 What Are the Causes of Enamel Erosion?

It is critical to understand the conditions and situations that may cause this problem in preventing enamel erosion and other tooth enamel damage. Here are some of the most common reasons why the enamel erodes:

 

Acid Erosion

Because of their acidic nature, a variety of chemicals can induce erosion. In these instances, the best approach to minimize dental enamel degradation is to limit your exposure to the chemical itself. The following are some of the factors that contribute to tooth enamel erosion:

  • Beverages that are acidic and rich in sugar, such as fruity and citrus drinks
  • Starchy and sugary food, like white bread and syrups
  • Carbonated drinks that are high in sugar, phosphoric, and citric acids
  • Excessive intake of Vitamin C
  • Medications such as aspirin and antihistamines

 

Environmental Erosion

Tooth enamel can deteriorate and develop as a result of an environmental condition. In addition to bad habits, your oral condition also plays a huge role in your enamel health. These would include the following:

  • Weak saliva production and dry mouth
  • Acid reflux or issues in the gut flora
  • Grinding and clenching habits
  • Excessive force when brushing
  • Incorrect flossing technique
  • Biting through hard objects
  • Eating disorders that result in frequent vomiting
  • Poor oral hygiene causing plaque accumulation

 

Is It Possible to Restore Tooth Enamel?

You can’t repair tooth enamel once it is damaged. However, by increasing the mineral content of deficient enamel, it can be rejuvenated to some extent. So while mouthwashes and toothpaste will never restore teeth, they can help with the remineralization process.

Minerals, particularly calcium, are introduced to the teeth during remineralization. These minerals adhere to the teeth’ surface and are attracted to weak spots in the enamel. Because these may weaken tooth surfaces without being chipped or cracked, this is highly helpful in situations of dental erosion.

 

How To Repair Enamel?

tips on how to repair tooth enamelIt can be challenging, if not impossible, to restore the enamel to its original form. Significantly if the damage becomes too much or if a tooth has been broken or fractured. However, suppose your enamel is not too damaged, or your tooth decay is still in the pre-cavity stage. In that case, you can take steps to guarantee that it recovers naturally.

 

Fluoride Toothpaste

It is best to brush your teeth with fluoridated toothpaste to avoid your enamel from becoming weak. A fluoride-infused remineralizing toothpaste helps in providing minerals like calcium to repair the enamel properly. Fluoride is the only component said to strengthen teeth successfully. Choose a fluoride toothpaste that can help neutralize germs and remove surface stains while restoring the enamel.

 

Sugar-Free Gum

You can chew on sugar-free gum to increase saliva production and wipe away dangerous plaque bacteria. However, sugar encourages bacterial development, so it is essential to look for a sugar-free alternative to prevent tooth decay.

 

Fluoride Mouthwash and Rinse

Make your dental hygiene regimen more effective by including a specific rinse that strengthens your enamel. Fluorides wash away carbohydrates and bacteria while their remineralizing components work.

 

Typically, it takes three to four months for the remineralization process to take effect. Nonetheless, trying out techniques to strengthen your enamel provides visible results. For example, you may notice that your teeth become stronger, your sensitivity decreases, and your smile becomes whiter.

 

How To Prevent Enamel Erosion?

When your enamel starts to progress and become damaged beyond repair, there are no other ways to restore it. Therefore, it is critical to maintaining a complete oral hygiene regimen. Your smile becomes prone to discoloration, sensitivity, and deterioration without the protecting covering of enamel.

Luckily, these basic measures will assist you in keeping your enamel healthy:

 

Maintain Good Oral Hygiene

The best approach to cure enamel erosion is to avoid it from developing in the first place. Then, in simple techniques such as flossing and brushing your teeth properly, you stay away from oral concerns.

 

Avoid Acidic Foods

You may also try and avoid acidic foods and chemicals that might erode your teeth and eliminate any habits that could damage your tooth enamel.

 

Regular Check-ups

Enamel erosion happens over time. So, suppose you see your dentist regularly. In that case, they should identify and treat it as soon as the indications appear.

 

Dental Treatments

If you’re starting to see the indications of enamel erosion, your dentist may recommend dental bonding. This is a straightforward therapeutic treatment in which your dentist applies a tooth-colored resin to your teeth. Then, it bonds to them and serves the same protective function that your enamel did before it eroded. On the other hand, dental bonding can discolor and isn’t as robust as other, typically more expensive procedures.

 

Cosmetic Treatments

taking care of enamelIf your enamel has been overly eroded, or if your teeth have chipped or fractured due to enamel erosion, you may require more aggressive therapy. Dental crowns, bridges, and veneers are just a few examples of aesthetic dental operations that address difficulties caused by broken enamel. These procedures use a porcelain material, which intends to match the color of your teeth, repair the fractured dentures, and replace the damaged enamel.

 

Final Words of Advice

If you think your enamel is starting to strip off, it is best to make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible. When the decay spreads and causes infection, the tooth may be beyond repair and need immediate removal. In case the damage does develop, many in-office treatments can help strengthen your smile before it becomes permanent.

 

References:

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/dental-erosion

https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?ContentTypeID=1&ContentID=1409

https://www.healthline.com/health/remineralizing-teeth

https://www.aae.org/patients/dental-symptoms/cracked-teeth/